- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003.
- ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976.
- (obsolete) Rejected; cast aside.
- Sunk to or existing in a low condition, state, or position.
- Cast down in spirit or hope; degraded; servile; grovelling; despicable; lacking courage; offered in a humble and often ingratiating spirit.
- Showing utter hopelessness, helplessness; showing resignation; wretched.
- A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway; outcast.
- (transitive, obsolete) To cast off or out; to reject.
- (transitive, obsolete) To cast down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase.
- The garbage and recyclables need to be taken out to the street tomorrow.