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including meaning

EN[ɪnˈkluːdɪŋ]
US
  • VerbBFincludeSGincludesPT, PPincludedSUF-ing
    1. present participle of include.
    2. Preposition
      1. Such as, among which; introducing one or more parts of the group or topic just mentioned.
        1. All this has led to an explosion of protest across China, including among a middle class that has discovered nimbyism.
        2. I have always argued that it is one that deserves a thorough-going policy review, which might come to all sorts of conclusions, including it is doing what the Government of the day wants it to.
    3. More Examples
      1. Used in the Middle of Sentence
        • Group B contained free hydrophobic amino acids such as Phe and Val, conjugated phenylpropanoids, including chlorogenate and procyanidin, and many sugar phosphates.
        • However, the study of Brody et al. did not include denicotinized mentholated cigarettes as a control.
        • The methods most often used in the past have included photography and two-dimensional lateral cephalography [ 18 – 21 ].
      2. Used in the Beginning of Sentence
        • Including a few fun details in large group introductions can be a great way to break the ice.
      3. Used in the Ending of Sentence
        • The devices were explanted postmortem or during an upgrade intervention, but also devices that were accidentally desterilized or were improperly sealed were included.

    Meaning of including for the defined word.

    Grammatically, this word "including" is a preposition. It's also a verb, more specifically, a verb form.
    • Part-of-Speech Hierarchy
      1. Prepositions
        • Verbs
          • Verb forms
            • Participles
              • Present participles
        Difficultness: Level 1
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        Easy     ➨     Difficult
        Definiteness: Level 4
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        Definite    ➨     Versatile

        Other Vocabulary

        Look-Alike Words
        1. en includin'
        2. en encluding
        3. en inclouding
        4. en concluding
        5. en incusing